A block of graphic or textual material that is identified as a “Figure”, usually bearing a caption and a label such as “Figure” or “Figure 3.”. A Figure is defined as an element that would appear in the Table of Figures, if there were one.
The content of a Figure need not be graphical in nature; the content of a Figure may be a graphic, a list, several paragraphs, an equation, a display quote, a table, etc., or a mixture of several of these.
The position attribute may be used to indicate whether this element must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, for example, to the top of the next page, into the next column, to the end of a logical file, or within a separate window.
Authoring and Conversion Note: Tag unlabeled graphical objects as <graphic>s rather than <fig>s. A common test to determine whether an object is a Figure versus a Graphic is to ask, “If there were a ‘List of Figures’ for this article, should this object appear in that list?”
The following, in order:
<article> <front>... </front> <body>... <sec> <title>Study appraisal and extraction of data</title> ... <p>We identified ... Details of randomisation procedures, treatment schedules, and numbers of patients followed up are given on the <italic>BMJ</italic> website.</p> <fig id="F1"> <label>Figure 1</label> <caption> <p>Deaths among patients receiving day hospital care or alternative services. Odds ratios of death by end of follow up were calculated by fixed effects model. Heterogeneity between trials is presented as χ<sup>2</sup></p> </caption> <alt-text>Deaths hospital/alternative services</alt-text> <graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="fors2662.f1" alt-version="yes"></graphic> </fig> ...</article>