Type of Abstract


Names the type of abstract. This attribute is intended to preserve the names of the various styles of abstracts that publishers identify, such as “short” abstract, “graphic” abstract, “ASCII” abstract, “stereochemical” abstract, etc.


The DTD does not prescribe values for this attribute, so any type of abstract that a publisher records can be preserved. The values described below are merely examples of the types of values that are possible, as an illustration of why such information might be recorded. If the publisher has not chosen to identify the type of abstract, this attribute should not be used.


Although any data characters at all may be used to describe the type of attribute, the following list shows a few of the commonly used attribute types which should be considered. The list is not intended to be exhaustive; there may well be other named types of abstracts.


Without special characters or equations so the abstract can be sent in email or displayed on primitive browsers


A non-technical summation of the major findings of the article


The abstract is a pictorial representation such as a picture or a video


The abstract was written by an editor and not an author


An abstract which is a list of the key points made by the article


Used for Learning Objectives or article objectives


An abbreviated form of the abstract, for example, for use inside a generated Table of Contents, or to be returned in addition to the article title during a search


An abstract containing only the details of a chemical compound, for example, the “stereochem” type from the Elsevier DTD


Summation of the article, typically used in conjunction with other types of abstracts


A short abstract specifically written to create interest in the reader


A very short abstract, usually only a line or two long, that is displayed in a Table of Contents


Short summary intended for distribution on a website

Attribute Values

In Elements

<abstract> Abstract
<trans-abstract> Translated Abstract
Value Meaning
Data characters Text, numbers, or special characters that names the type of abstract, such as “short” (See list above.)
Restriction: This attribute may be specified if the element is used.