An abbreviation or acronym used in the text of a document, possibly including an expansion of the acronym
This element was added explicitly to meet “Checkpoint 4.3 Annotate complex, abbreviated, or unfamiliar information with summaries and definitions” from the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 working draft (22 August 2002).
Conversion Note: Abbreviations, while common in STM books, are rarely tagged in the STM journal world, and will not be present in many journal DTDs. Thus, converted material cannot rely on acronyms and abbreviations being recognized unless special processing is added to recognize them. This element is expected to be quite rarely used.
The linking attributes are the standard XLink attributes, which may be used to provide a live link to an expansion, definition, or additional explanation.
<!ELEMENT abbrev (#PCDATA %abbrev-elements;)* >
Any combination of:
<abbrev> Abbreviation or Acronym; <abbrev-journal-title> Abbreviated Journal Title; <addr-line> Address Line; <aff> Affiliation; <alt-title> Alternate Title; <article-title> Article Title; <attrib> Attribution; <bold> Bold; <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display); <citation> Citation; <collab> Collaborative (Group) Author; <comment> Comment in a Citation; <conf-acronym> Conference Acronym; <conf-loc> Conference Location; <conf-name> Conference Name; <conf-num> Conference Number; <conf-sponsor> Conference Sponsor; <conf-theme> Conference Theme; <contract-num> Contract/Grant Number; <contract-sponsor> Contract/Grant Sponsor; <copyright-statement> Copyright Statement; <corresp> Correspondence Information; <def-head> Definition List: Definition Head; <degrees> Degree(s); <disp-formula> Formula, Display; <edition> Edition, Cited; <email> Email Address; <etal> Et Al.; <ext-link> External Link; <fax> Fax Number: in an Address; <font> Font; <given-names> Given (First) Names; <gov> Government Report, Cited; <history> History: Document History; <inline-formula> Formula, Inline; <inline-supplementary-material> Inline Supplementary Material; <institution> Institution Name: in an Address; <issue> Issue Number; <issue-title> Issue Title; <italic> Italic; <journal-title> Journal Title (Full); <kwd> Keyword; <label> Label (of a Figure, Reference, Etc.); <meta-name> Metadata Data Name for Custom Metadata; <meta-value> Metadata Data Value for Custom Metadata; <monospace> Monospace Text (Typewriter Text); <named-content> Named Special (Subject) Content; <on-behalf-of> On Behalf of; <overline> Overline; <p> Paragraph; <patent> Patent Number, Cited; <phone> Phone Number: in an Address; <prefix> Prefix; <preformat> Preformatted Text; <product> Product Information; <publisher-loc> Publisher’s Location; <publisher-name> Publisher’s Name; <related-article> Related Article Information; <role> Role or Function Title of Contributor; <sc> Small Caps; <self-uri> URI for This Same Article Online; <series> Series; <series-text> Series Text: Header Text to Describe; <series-title> Series Title; <source> Source; <speaker> Speaker; <std> Standard, Cited; <strike> Strike Through; <string-date> Date as a String; <string-name> Name of Person (Unstructured); <sub> Subscript; <subject> Subject Grouping Name; <subtitle> Article Subtitle; <suffix> Suffix; <sup> Superscript; <supplement> Supplement Information; <surname> Surname; <target> Target of an Internal Link; <td> Table Data Cell (XHTML table model); <term> Definition List: Term; <term-head> Definition List: Term Head; <th> Table Header Cell (XHTML table model); <title> Title; <trans-source> Translated Source; <trans-title> Translated Title; <underline> Underline; <uri> Uniform Resource Indicator (URI); <verse-line> Line of a Verse; <volume> Volume Number; <volume-id> Volume Identifier; <xref> X(cross) Reference
... <article-meta> <article-categories>...</article-categories> <title-group> <article-title>The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) outcome questionnaire: longitudinal construct validity and measuring self-rated health change after surgery</article-title> </title-group> <contrib-group>...</contrib-group> ... <copyright-statement>©2003 Gummesson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.</copyright-statement> <copyright-year>2003</copyright-year> <license license-type="open-access"> <p>This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying ...</p> </license> <abstract> <p><bold>Background:</bold> The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The <abbrev>DASH</abbrev> consists mainly of a 30-item disability/symptom scale, scored 0 (no disability) to 100. The main purpose of this study was to assess the <italic>longitudinal construct validity</italic> of the <abbrev>DASH</abbrev> among patients undergoing surgery. The second phase purpose was to quantify self-rated <italic>treatment effectiveness</italic> after surgery.</p> ... </abstract> </article-meta> ...