Title Group


Wrapper element to hold an article’s various titles


Conversion Note: A footnote or other reference inside a title should usually be placed within the title tag, but such footnotes may be placed into a footnote group (<fn-group>) at the end of the <title-group>, if that is the way the footnotes have been placed in the original tagging of the article.

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the wrapper element <title-group> in the article metadata. The <article-title> is the full title of the article in the original language of the document. The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to the full title or modifies the full title. The <alt-title> is another version of an article title, usually created so that the title can be processed in a special way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII title, or a version of the title to be used in the right-running-head. The <trans-title> is a version of the title translated into a language other than the original language of publication; the <trans-subtitle> is a version of the subtitle translated into a language other than the original language.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  title-group  %title-group-model;                          >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article-meta> Article Metadata

Tagged Example

<journal-id journal-id-type="pmc">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="publisher">BR MED J</journal-id>
<publisher-name>British Medical Journal</publisher-name>
<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">10092260</article-id>
<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital
care for elderly people</article-title>
<aff id="StLukes">...</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">...</pub-date>