Reference List (Bibliographic)


List of references (citations) for an article, which is often called “References”, “Bibliography”, or “Additional Reading”


No distinction is made between lists of cited references and lists of suggested references.

Conversion Note: The optional paragraph-level elements after the title allow for those rare cases where there is explanatory material inside the list, preceding the references. There may also be similar explanatory material inside each reference group. However, any explanatory material that is outside a citation, for example, preceding a citation or between citations, will need to be relocated to inside one of the citations during conversion.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  ref-list     %ref-list-model;                             >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<abstract> Abstract; <ack> Acknowledgments; <app> Appendix; <app-group> Appendix Group; <back> Back Matter; <boxed-text> Boxed Text; <notes> Notes; <ref-list> Reference List (Bibliographic); <sec> Section; <trans-abstract> Translated Abstract

Tagged Example

<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom in the
1960s as an important component of care provision. ...
Although there is considerable descriptive literature on day hospital
care,<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B1">1</xref> concern has been expressed
that evidence for effectiveness is equivocal and that day hospital care
is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B2">2</xref> ...</p>...
<ref id="B1"><label>1</label>
<citation citation-type="book">
<collab>Research Unit of the Royal
College of Physicians and British
Geriatric Society</collab>
<source>Geriatric day hospitals: their role
and guidelines for good
<ref id="B2">...</ref>