Label (of a Figure, Reference, Etc.)


The number and any prefix word associated with, for example, the title or the caption of a Figure, such as “Figure 3.” or “Exhibit 2.”. This element is also used for the number or symbol used as a prefix character for a footnote and placed at the place of the footnote reference.


This element can be used to preserve the prefix number or label of an element, for example, for a reference or citation “25.” or “[Lapeyre 2002]”. This can be useful when reconstructing untagged cross references.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  label        (#PCDATA %label-elements;)*                  >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<abstract> Abstract; <ack> Acknowledgments; <aff> Affiliation; <app> Appendix; <array> Array (Simple Tabular Array); <author-notes> Author Note Group; <boxed-text> Boxed Text; <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display); <chem-struct-wrapper> Chemical Structure Wrapper; <citation> Citation; <corresp> Correspondence Information; <def-item> Definition List: Definition Item; <def-list> Definition List; <disp-formula> Formula, Display; <fig> Figure; <fig-group> Figure Group; <fn> Footnote; <graphic> Graphic; <list> List; <list-item> List Item; <media> Media Object; <note> Note in a Reference List; <notes> Notes; <ref> Reference Item; <sec> Section; <statement> Statement, Formal; <supplementary-material> Supplementary Material; <table-wrap> Table Wrapper; <table-wrap-group> Table Wrapper Group; <trans-abstract> Translated Abstract

Tagged Example

Label for a figure:

<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom in the
1960s as an important component of care provision. ...
Although there is considerable descriptive literature on day hospital
care,<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B1">1</xref> concern has been expressed
that evidence for effectiveness is equivocal and that day hospital care
is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B2">2</xref> ...</p>...
<ref id="B1"><label>1</label>
<citation citation-type="book">
<collab>Research Unit of the Royal
College of Physicians and British
Geriatric Society</collab>
<source>Geriatric day hospitals: their role
and guidelines for good
<ref id="B2">...</ref>