X - Generated Text and Punctuation


A container element to hold punctuation or other generated text, typically when


This element is called “x” for historical reasons, since Tag Sets that use an element for generated punctuation have typically called it that.


content-type Type of Content
xml:space Space

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  x            (#PCDATA %x-elements;)*                      >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<abstract> Abstract; <access-date> Access Date for Cited Work; <ack> Acknowledgments; <address> Address/Contact Information; <aff> Affiliation; <alt-title> Alternate Title; <anonymous> Anonymous; <app> Appendix; <app-group> Appendix Group; <article-meta> Article Metadata; <article-title> Article Title; <body> Body of the Article; <boxed-text> Boxed Text; <citation> Citation; <collab> Collaborative (Group) Author; <conf-date> Conference Date; <conference> Conference Information; <contrib> Contributor; <contrib-group> Contributor Group; <copyright-statement> Copyright Statement; <corresp> Correspondence Information; <def-item> Definition List: Definition Item; <def-list> Definition List; <disp-quote> Quote, Displayed; <etal> Et Al.; <front-stub> Stub Front Metadata; <gloss-group> Glossary Group; <glossary> Glossary Elements List; <history> History: Document History; <institution> Institution Name: in an Address; <issue-title> Issue Title; <kwd> Keyword; <kwd-group> Keyword Group; <label> Label (of a Figure, Reference, Etc.); <named-content> Named Special (Subject) Content; <notes> Notes; <p> Paragraph; <person-group> Person Group for a Cited Publication; <product> Product Information; <publisher-loc> Publisher’s Location; <ref> Reference Item; <ref-list> Reference List (Bibliographic); <related-article> Related Article Information; <role> Role or Function Title of Contributor; <sec> Section; <string-date> Date as a String; <string-name> Name of Person (Unstructured); <subject> Subject Grouping Name; <subtitle> Article Subtitle; <title> Title; <trans-abstract> Translated Abstract; <trans-subtitle> Translated Subtitle; <trans-title> Translated Title; <xref> X(cross) Reference

Tagged Examples

Example 1

In a Keyword Group:

<kwd-group id="h1001">
<title>Key words.</title>
<kwd>Agricultural landscape</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>Akaike weights</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>amphibians</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>geographical range boundary</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>habitat loss and fragmentation</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>mammals</kwd><x>, </x>
<kwd>niche breadth</kwd><x>, </x>

Example 2

In a Definition List:

<def-list list-type="simple">
<term>AFLP</term><x>, </x>
<def><p>Amplified Length Polymorphism</p></def>
</def-item><x>; </x>
<term>AG</term><x>, </x>
<def><p>Anastomosis Groups</p></def>
</def-item><x>; </x>
<term>BSC</term><x>, </x>
<def><p>Biological Species Concept</p></def>
</def-item><x>; </x>
<term>EDH</term><x>, </x>
<def><p>Enviromental Deterministic Hypothesis</p></def>
</def-item><x>; </x>
<term>FS</term><x>, </x>