Front Matter

The metadata for an article, such as the name and issue of the journal in which the article appears and the author(s) of the article


In some journal Tag Sets, this information is called the “header information” or “journal header”. Such a header usually includes the metadata concerning the journal itself (in this Suite tagged as <journal-meta>), as well as metadata concerning the issue of the journal and the individual article (which in this Suite are both found in the element <article-meta>).

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into several components:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the <body> (the textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any <back> (any ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix);
  4. a <floats-group> (single container element some publishers and archives use to hold all floating elements such as figures and tables that are referenced in the article body or back matter); and
  5. either a series of <response> elements or a series of <sub-article> elements. (A <response> is a commentary on the article itself, such as a summation by an editor, an answer to a letter-article, or words from the author responding to peer-review comments. Sub-articles are articles such as news pieces, abstracts, or committee reports that are completely contained within a main article.)

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  front        %front-model;                                >

Expanded Content Model

(journal-meta?, article-meta, 
(def-list | list | notes)*)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article>, <response>, <sub-article>


<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care
for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care for the Elderly,
St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff>
<p>Competing interests: None declared.</p>
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical