A journal article; the top-level element (document element) of the Archiving Tag Set, which contains all the metadata and content for the article


This element can be used to describe not only typical journal articles (research articles) but also much of the non-article content within a journal, such as book and product reviews, editorials, commentaries, and news summaries.

For a detailed discussion on tagging book reviews and similar articles, see Tagging Book or Product Reviews. For a detailed discussion on the tagging of letters and responses in an article, see Letters and Replies. For a detailed discussion on the use of <sub-article>s within a main article, see Sub-articles to an Article.

A journal article <article> may be divided into several components:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the <body> (the textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any <back> (any ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix);
  4. a <floats-group> (single container element some publishers and archives use to hold all floating elements such as figures and tables that are referenced in the article body or back matter); and
  5. either a series of <response> elements or a series of <sub-article> elements. (A <response> is a commentary on the article itself, such as a summation by an editor, an answer to a letter-article, or words from the author responding to peer-review comments. Sub-articles are articles such as news pieces, abstracts, or committee reports that are completely contained within a main article.)


article-type Type of Article
dtd-version Version of the Tag Set (DTD)
xmlns:mml MathML Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xsi XML Schema Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  article      %article-full-model;                         >

Expanded Content Model

(front, body?, back?, floats-group?, 
(sub-article* | response*))


The following, in order:

This top-level element may not be contained in any other elements.


<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care
for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care for the Elderly,
St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff>
<p>Competing interests: None declared.</p>
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical