An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc., usually as some form of binary object
Although, in theory, the position attribute of this element may be used to indicate whether this element must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, it is usually good practice to anchor graphics. For graphics inside figures, tables, etc., the graphic should be anchored, although the outer structure (figure, boxed-text) may be allowed to float.
Display component elements, such as <alt-text>, should always be used at the highest possible level; in other words, if a <graphic> element is inside a <fig>, the <alt-text>, <long-desc>, <attrib>, etc., should be part of the <fig>, not part of the <graphic>. Use a <alt-text> (or similar display component elements) on a <graphic> only when the graphical object is not enclosed in any other structure or when a figure contains multiple graphical objects, each of which must have its own <alt-text>. For similar reasons, the position attribute should be set to “anchor” for a <graphic> element that is inside a larger display container such as a <fig>.
<!ELEMENT graphic %graphic-model; >
The following, in order:
<app> Appendix; <body> Body of the Article; <boxed-text> Boxed Text; <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display); <chem-struct-wrapper> Chemical Structure Wrapper; <disp-formula> Formula, Display; <fig> Figure; <named-content> Named Special (Subject) Content; <p> Paragraph; <sec> Section; <table-wrap> Table Wrapper; <td> Table Data Cell (XHTML table model); <th> Table Header Cell (XHTML table model)
... <sec sec-type="results"> <title>Results</title> <p>We identified 703 abstracts, of which 687 were not relevant ... Details of randomisation procedures, treatment schedules, and numbers of patients followed up are given on the <italic>BMJ</italic> website.</p> <fig id="F1"> <caption> <p>Deaths among patients receiving day hospital care or alternative services. Odds ratios of death by end of follow up were calculated by fixed effects model. Heterogeneity between trials is presented as χ<sup>2</sup></p> </caption> <alt-text>Deaths in hospitals or with alternative services</alt-text> <graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="fors2662.f1" alt-version="yes"> <object-id>456472</object-id> </graphic> </fig> ... </sec> ...