Wrapper element for the textual description that is associated with a <fig>, <table>, etc. This is the title and explanatory text for the figure or the description of the figure that prints or displays with the figure.
In print or on display, a caption is usually recognizable because it is not part of the ordinary text flow; it sits just under, above, beside, or in the same small window or page area as the tabular portions of the table or the graphical portions of the figure.
The <caption> element in this DTD Suite contains the entire, visible textual description of a table, figure, or similar object, but does not typically include the figure or table number, since this will be generated. While a caption is not required to include a separately tagged <title>, it may include as many descriptive paragraphs as needed. It may include legends, which are not identified as a separate element in this DTD Suite.
Captions may just contain paragraphs of explanatory text (see example below) or a caption may contain an explicit title as well as text. The title is typically a short, pithy statement that acts as a heading and may be made typographically distinct, for example, set in bold or italics while the following paragraph is in roman.
<!ELEMENT caption (title?, %caption-body-parts;) >
In a figure:
... <sec> <title>Results</title> <p>We identified .... Details of randomization procedures, treatment schedules, and numbers of patients followed up are given on the <italic>BMJ</italic> website.</p> <fig id="F1"> <caption><p>Deaths among patients receiving day hospital care or alternative services. Odds ratios of death by end of follow up were calculated by fixed effects model. Heterogeneity between trials is presented as &#x03C7;<sup>2</sup></p></caption> <graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="fors2662.f1" alt-version="yes"> <object-id>456472</object-id> </graphic> </fig> <p>...</p> </sec> ...
In a table:
... <table-wrap id="TN0.170"> <caption><p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional care at the end of scheduled follow up and use of hospital beds among those allocated to day hospital or alternative services</p></caption> <table> <tr> <th/> <th colspan="3" align="center" rowspan="1">Institutional care</th> <th align="left"/> <th colspan="2" align="center" rowspan="1"> Bed use (days)</th> </tr> ... </table> </table-wrap> ...