Contributor Group


Wrapper element for information concerning a grouping of contributors, such as primary authors. These are contributors who worked individually, not as a group.


Not to be confused with the element <collab>, which is used for groups of authors who are credited under a single name, either as a collaboration in the strictest sense, or when an organization, institution, or a corporation is given as a contributor.

Related Elements

This element is for grouping contributors in the metadata of an article. The <person-group> element performs a similar function of grouping contributors, such as authors and editors, within bibliographic references (<citation> and <nlm-citation>).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  contrib-group
                        %contrib-group-model;                        >


Contributor <contrib>, one or more

This element may be contained in:

<article-meta> Article Metadata

Tagged Example

<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital 
care for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff id="StLukes">Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British 
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance 
in prolonging independent living for elderly people.</p>