Publisher’s Location


Place of publication, usually a city, such as New York or London


This element may be used in bibliographic references (<citation> and <nlm-citation>). For extensive examples of formatted <nlm-citation>s including use of <publisher-loc>s in <nlm-citation>s, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations. To see tagged versions of these examples, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations - XML Tagged.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  publisher-loc
                        (#PCDATA %publisher-loc-elements;)*          >


Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model; <product> Product Information; <related-article> Related Article Information

Tagged Example

In a NLM-style bibliographic citation:

<nlm-citation citation-type="book">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<given-names>Merle M</given-names>
<given-names>Arthur M</given-names>
<given-names>Charles F</given-names>
<source>Group counseling</source>
<publisher-loc>New York</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>Holt, Rinehart, and Winston</publisher-name>
<page-count count="416"/>