A journal article; the top-level element (document element) of the Article Authoring DTD, which contains all the metadata and content for the article


This element can be used to describe not only typical journal articles (research articles) but also much of the non-article content within a journal, such as book and product reviews, editorials, commentaries, and news summaries.

A journal article <article> may be divided into three parts:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information, for the article);
  2. the <body> (textual and graphical content of the article); and
  3. any <back> (ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix).


article-type Type of Article
dtd-version Version of the DTD
xml:lang Language
xmlns:mml MathML Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xsi XML Schema Namespace Declaration

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  article      %article-short-model;                        >


The following, in order:

This top-level element may not be contained in any other elements.

Tagged Example

<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care
for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care for the Elderly, 
St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff>
<p>Competing interests: None declared.</p>
<p>Funding: NHS Executive Northern and
Yorkshire Region, Stroke Association.</p>
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical