Name of a institution or organization, such as a university or corporation, that is the affiliation for a contributor such as an author or an editor


All levels of a multi-tier organization are listed within a single <aff> element, for example, a program, a department, and a university may be part of the same <aff>. Similarly both a division and a corporation would be inside one <aff>.

The linkage from a contributor to an affiliation should be made using the ID/IDREF mechanism. The id attribute of an <aff> element will be pointed to from one or more <contrib> elements.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
rid Reference to an Identifier

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  aff          (#PCDATA %aff-elements;)*                    >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<contrib> Contributor; <person-group> Person Group for a Cited Publication

Tagged Example

<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital 
care for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff id="StLukes">Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British 
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance 
in prolonging independent living for elderly people.</p>