On Behalf of


When a contributor has written or edited a work “on behalf of” an organization or group, the contributor is acting as a representative of the organization, which may or may not be his/her usual affiliation, for example, a physician affiliated with St. Luke’s Hospital writing on behalf of the Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group.


This element should not be confused with the element <collab>, which is used when a group as a whole authors a work.

This element joins the related element <role> in describing the contribution of a contributor. The <role> element will say that a person is an “Editor” or “Associate Editor”, and the <on-behalf-of> element will state that this editing was undertaken as a representative of a group or organization:

 <on-behalf-of>for the Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group</on-behalf-of>

While not considered best practice, it is also acceptable to tag the example as:

<role>for the Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group</role>

Related Elements

See discussion about <role> in Remarks.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  on-behalf-of (#PCDATA %on-behalf-of-elements;)*           >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<contrib> Contributor

Tagged Example

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<on-behalf-of>Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative 
Research Group</on-behalf-of> 
<aff id="StLukes">Department of Health 
Care for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, 
Bradford BD5 0NA</aff>