Back Matter


Ancillary or supporting material that is not included as part of the main textual content of a journal article but that follows the body of material that composes the article. Back Matter, for example, might include: appendices, glossaries, and bibliographic reference lists.

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into three parts:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information, for the article);
  2. the <body> (textual and graphical content of the article); and
  3. any <back> (ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  back         %back-model;                                 >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article> Article

Tagged Example

<p>We thank B. Beltchev for purification of Hfq, S. Cusack and A. J.
Carpousis for the gift of PAP I, A. Ishihama for Hfq antibodies used in Hfq
purification, M. E. Winkler for strains TX2808 and TX2758, I. Boni for reminding
us that Hfq binds poly(A), M. Springer for suggesting that Hfq might
relate PAPs to primitive telomerase, Ph. Derreumeaux for help in sequence
comparisons, M. Grunberg-Manago, C. Condon and R. Buckingham for reading the
manuscript, and H. Weber for advice. We also acknowledge Minist&#x00E8;re de
l'Education Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie, Centre National de
la Recherche Scientifique, and Paris7 University for