Line Break


Defined to allow an author to specify an explicit (non-machine-generated) line break


This element is restricted to a very few contexts, for example, inside <title>s and inside table cells (<td>s and <th>s).

Authoring Note: Usage is discouraged.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  break        EMPTY                                        >


This is an EMPTY element

This element may be contained in:

<aff> Affiliation; <article-title> Article Title; <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display); <disp-formula> Formula, Display; <institution> Institution Name: in an Address; <subtitle> Article Subtitle; <td> Table Data Cell (XHTML table model); <th> Table Header Cell (XHTML table model); <title> Title; <trans-title> Translated Title

Tagged Example

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Michael Q.</given-names></name>
<aff id="UWW">
<institution>Department of Pathobiology<break/> 
University of WallieWash</institution>
<addr-line>Oberlin, Washington 96204</addr-line>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>James C.</given-names></name>
<degrees>Ph D</degrees>
<aff id="affKalakukko">Kalakukko Corporation</aff>
<institution>Kalakukko Corporation</institution>
<addr-line>17 West Jefferson St.</addr-line>
<addr-line>Suite 207</addr-line>
<addr-line>New South Finland, MD 20856.</addr-line> 
<phone>(301) 754-5766</phone>
<fax>(301) 754-5765</fax>