Container element for personal names where the stricter organization of the <name> element cannot be followed.
This is a very loose element, which may contain text, numbers, special characters, generated text, and any or all of the naming elements, such as <surname>.
For a detailed discussion on the use of <string-name>, see Personal Names in Citations.
If the name parts are unknown, put the whole name within the <string-name> element, for example, <string-name>Ice Cube</string-name>. Use of the <string-name> element is more likely to lead to better searching in a repository than merely leaving the person’s name untagged.
Since the <string-name> model permits the tagging of name parts within it, a name like “Prince Charles” could be tagged as a given name “Charles” (<given-names>) and prefix “Prince” (<prefix>), but such tagging is likely to be rare and <string-name>Prince Charles</string-name> is also valid tagging.
Examples of when name parts might be usefully tagged inside <string-name> include:
<string-name><surname>Abernathy</surname>, the Honorable Sir Edward</string-name>
<!ELEMENT string-name (#PCDATA %string-name-elements;)* >
(#PCDATA | degrees | given-names | prefix | surname | suffix)*
Any combination of:
<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <person-group>, <principal-award-recipient>, <principal-investigator>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>
The <string-name> element is probably the most commonly used naming element in mixed-style citations (<mixed-citation>), when it is important to preserve the comma and space (or similar punctuation) between the parts of the name:
... <ref id="B6"> <mixed-citation> <string-name> <surname>DerSimonian</surname>, <given-names>R</given-names> </string-name>, <string-name> <given-names>N</given-names>, <surname>Laird</surname> </string-name>. <article-title>Meta-analysis in clinical trials</article-title> . <source>Controlled Clin Trials</source> <volume>7</volume>:<year>1986</year>; <fpage>177</fpage>-<lpage>188</lpage> [<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">3802833</pub-id>]. </mixed-citation> </ref> ...