First Page

The page number on which a cited article starts, for print journals that have page numbers


The <fpage> element is used as part of bibliographic reference metadata inside bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).

Cited electronic-only journals traditionally do not have page numbers and use the <elocation-id> element instead of using the <fpage> or <lpage> elements.


content-type Type of Content
seq Sequence

Related Elements

A number of elements in this Suite relate to page numbers used in bibliographic citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>):

Note: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the article began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  fpage        (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>


<ref id="B8">
<article-title>Effects and costs of day-care services for the
chronically ill: a randomized experiment</article-title>.
<source>Medical Care</source>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">6772889</pub-id>.