Table Wrapper

Used to hold a complete table, that is, not only the rows and columns that make up a table, but also the table’s caption or title, list of table footnotes, alternative descriptions of the table for purposes of accessibility, etc.

This element has also been designed to capture a construct named “table” that contains just a graphic or a list, rather than the explicit rows and columns of a table element such as the XHTML <table> because many publishers associate table captions and numbers with material that is not explicitly tabular.


For a detailed discussion on the use of <table-wrap>, see Table and Table Wrapper.

Within the <table-wrap> element, the row and column tags that describe the table cells are defined by the XHTML table model.

Many journal tag sets use an element called “Table Footnote” (with a tag such as <tblfn>) for footnotes inside a table. This Tag Set uses <fn> inside tables, as well as everywhere else, relying instead on context to differentiate table footnotes. Footnotes inside a <table-wrap> are assumed to be footnotes to the table and, as part of the table, are displayed at the bottom of the table, usually as part of the <table-wrap-foot>, rather than at the bottom of the page or otherwise separated from the display of the table. In fact, an author can put both referenced footnotes and unreferenced paragraphs directly into the <table-wrap-foot>.

The @position attribute may be used to indicate whether a <table-wrap> must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, for example, to the top of the next page, into the next column, to the end of a logical file, or within a separate window.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
Orientation Orientation
position Position
specific-use Specific Use
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

The <table> element is an element defined by the public XHTML table model. This element is not, in itself, a full table, but only the rows and columns portions of a table. A full table may have other features, such as a title, caption, table footnotes, etc. The <table-wrap> element contains the full table, that is, both rows and columns as well as captions and footers. A full table (<table-wrap>) may or may not include an actual <table> element within it, because other constructions, such as 2-part lists, may also be given table titles, captions, etc.

XHTML Table Processing Note: The standard XHMTL model has been modified to remove the <caption> element from within the <table> element, because, in the base Suite, the <caption> element has been made part of the <table-wrap> element.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  table-wrap   %table-wrap-model;                           >

Expanded Content Model

((object-id)*, (caption)?, 
(alt-text | long-desc)*, 
(disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | def-list | list | 
alternatives | chem-struct-wrap | graphic | media | preformat | table)*, 
table-wrap-foot?, attrib?, permissions?)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<app>, <bio>, <body>, <boxed-text>, <fig>, <license-p>, <named-content>, <p>, <sec>, <styled-content>


<table-wrap id="TN0.170">
<caption><p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional
care ...</p>

<th colspan="3" align="center"
rowspan="1">Institutional care</th>
<th colspan="2" align="center"
rowspan="1">&#x2003;Bed use (days)</th>


<td align="center">208/1224</td>
<td align="center">244/1214</td>
<td align="center">0.77 (0.52 to 1.13)</td>
<td align="center">15.0</td><td align="center">16.4</td>

<fn id="TF1-150"><p>Data not available for 1 trial.</p></fn>
<fn id="TF1-151"><p>P&#x003C;0.05 (random effects model).</p></fn>