Access Date for Cited Work

This is an element from older versions of this Tag Set (now replaced by the <date-in-citation> element using a @content-type attribute of “access-date”) that records the date on which the cited work was examined.


This element is an artifact, now used only within the <nlm-citation> element, which is deprecated in and after Version 3.0. Use of this element is therefore also deprecated.

Some online resources are changing so quickly that a citation to the resource is not complete without the date on which the cited resource was examined, since a day before or a day later, the relevant material might be different. The <date-in-citation> element is now used to record such information inside <mixed-citation> and <element-citation>s.


content-type Type of Content

Related Elements

Use <date-in-citation> to record information such as this inside a <element-citation> or <mixed-citation>.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  access-date  (#PCDATA %access-date-elements;)*            >

Expanded Content Model



Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:



Used only in <nlm-citation>, an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<nlm-citation publication-type="book">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<given-names>Ruth A</given-names>
<source>A review of the medical benefits and contraindications 
to breastfeeding in the United States [Internet]</source>
<access-date>cited 2000 Apr 24</access-date>
<publisher-loc>Arlington (VA)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>National Center for Education in Maternal 
and Child Health</publisher-name>
<page-count count="40" />
<comment>Available from: 
<ext-link ext-link-type="url" xlink:href="www.ncemch.org/pubs/PDFs/