Name of a institution or organization, such as a university or corporation, that is the affiliation for a contributor such as an author or an editor


All levels of a multi-tier organization are listed within a single <aff> element, for example, a program, a department, and a university may be part of the same <aff>. Similarly, both a division and a corporation would be inside one <aff>.

The linkage from a contributor to an affiliation should be made using the ID/IDREF mechanism. The @id attribute of an <aff> element will be pointed to from one or more <contrib> elements.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
rid Reference to an Identifier

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  aff          (#PCDATA %aff-elements;)*                    >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | addr-line | country | fax | institution | phone | email | ext-link | uri | break | bold | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sc | strike | underline | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<collab>, <contrib>, <person-group>

Example 1

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Melvin P.</given-names></name>
<aff>Departments of Medicine and Pathology, UMDNJ-Robert 
Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New
Jersey 08901-0019</aff>
<institution>Departments of Medicine and Pathology, 
UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School</institution>
<addr-line>1 Robert Wood Johnson Pl.</addr-line>
<addr-line>New Brunswick, NJ 08901-0019</addr-line>
<phone>(732) 235-7713</phone>
<fax>(732) 235-7951</fax>

Example 2

In a contributor group in article metadata

<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital 
care for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5