Within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), names a season of publication, such as “Spring”, “Third Quarter”, etc.


For a detailed discussion on the use of <season>, see Dates in Citations.


content-type Type of Content

Related Elements

Within citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), this element is used to name the date of publication. The elements <year>, <day>, <month>, and <season> may all be used to describe the date a cited resource was published. Other dates inside a citation, such as a copyright date, the date on which the author accessed the resource, or a withdrawal date, should be tagged using <date-in-citation> with the @content-type attribute used to name the type of date (copyright, access-date, time-stamp, etc.).

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  season       (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<date>, <date-in-citation>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>


In an element-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing removed):

<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>Designing information-abundant web
sites: issues and recommendations</article-title>
<source>Web Developers' Journal</source>
<issue-title>World Wide Web Usability</issue-title>
<page-range>100-101, 105, 107-120</page-range>