The content of a running head or foot when either is different from the ordinary metadata for a book
In most modern editions, the running heads and feet can be derived from a book’s metadata, for example, the title of the work, the publication date, the publisher, the heading of the most recently encountered section, etc. In contrast, in some historical material, new information, not derivable from the metadata, is presented in the running head, and this element can be used to preserve this information.
<!ELEMENT running-head (#PCDATA) >
Text, numbers, or special characters
... <p> <page-start> <page-num>9</page-num> <running-head>FIRST ANNUAL CONFERENCE</running-head> </page-start> In his analysis of causes of destitution among the colored people of Baltimore, we find 38 per cent of all cases of destitution are due to sickness. We have no official figures on this point for Washington or any other Southern city. But a similar report for New York shows 37 per cent from sickness, and for Boston 47.6 per cent. These are among cases of destitution of which there is official record. The result might be different, could we obtain the facts for all cases. Among the whites, also, sickness is one of the chief causes of destitution, but the percentage is much smaller, ...</p> ...