Author Note Group


Collection of footnotes to, or correspondence notes about, authors (and potentially about other contributors). Such footnotes/notes typically name one of the authors as a corresponding author, provide the author affiliation or current contact information, explain that the person has changed organizations, or provide other contributor-related material.


Conversion Note: In a typical case, the id attribute of an contributor’s affiliation (<aff>), correspondence information (<corresp>), or any footnote in the author note group will be pointed to by one or more Contributor <contrib> elements, thereby linking the two.

However, in those instances in which a symbol or some other mechanism denotes a relationship between a contributor and his/her affiliation, correspondence information, etc., use <xref> to point to the affiliation (<aff>), the corresponding information (<corresp>), or footnote in the author note group.

Conversion Note: Even if the explicitly tagged numbers or symbols for author linkages are preserved during conversion, the linkage from a contributor to an affiliation should be made using the ID/IDREF mechanism during the conversion. The ID/IDREF should be created even if the mechanism must be inserted.


id Identifier
rid Reference to an Identifier

Related Elements

Conversion Note: The current model allows identification of the corresponding contributor either by explicit tagging using a <corresp> element or by providing a footnote <fn> concerning the contributor. While this Tag Set supports both practices, best practice is to tag the correspondent information using the Correspondence Information <corresp> element.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  author-notes %author-notes-model;                         >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<book-meta> Book Metadata; <book-part-meta> Book Part Metadata

Tagged Example

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<xref ref-type="author-notes" rid="FN150">*</xref></contrib>
<aff>Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, 13 rue Pierre 
et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France</aff>
<fn id="FN150"><p>To whom reprint requests should be addressed. 
E-mail: <email>regnier@ibpc.fr</email>.</p></fn>
<fn fn-type="com">
<p>Communicated by Marianne Grunberg-Manago, Institute of 
Physico-Chemical Biology, Paris, France</p>