Translated Title


An alternative version of an article title (<article-title>) that has been translated into a language other than that of the original article title.


This element may be used in bibliographic references <citation> and <nlm-citation>. For extensive examples of formatted <nlm-citation>s including use of <trans-title>s in <nlm-citation>s, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations. To see tagged versions of these examples, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations - XML Tagged.


xml:lang Language

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the wrapper element <title-group> in the article metadata. The <article-title> is the full title of the article in the original language of the document. The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to the full title or modifies the full title. The <alt-title> is another version of an article title, usually created so that the title can be processed in a special way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII title, or a version of the title to be used in the right-running-head. The <trans-title> is a version of the title translated into a language other than the original language of publication.

Model Description

Any combination of:

Tagged Example

<nlm-citation citation-type="journal">
  <article-title xml:lang="fr">Localisations palmaires purpurioques de la
  dermatitie herpetiforme</article-title>
  <trans-title>Purpuric palmar sites of dermatitis herpetiformis</trans-title>
  <source>Ann Dermatol Vernerol</source>