Reference List (Bibliographic Reference List)


List of references (citations) for an article, which is often called “References”, “Bibliography”, or “Additional Reading”.


No distinction is made between lists of cited references and lists of suggested references.

Authoring Note: The optional paragraph-level elements after the title allow for those rare cases where there is explanatory material inside the list, preceding the references. There may also be similar explanatory material inside each reference group. However, explanatory material that is outside a citation, for example, preceding a citation or between citations, will need to be relocated inside one of the citations.

Model Description

The following, in order:

Tagged Example

<ref id="B1">
<nlm-citation citation-type="commun">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>New Z39.50 resource [Internet]</article-title>
<source>Message to: Karen Patrias</source>
<time-stamp>1:18 pm</time-stamp>
<access-date>cited 1998 Feb 28</access-date>
<comment>[about 2 screens]</comment>
<ref id="B2">