Type of Citation


Defines the type of work being referenced (type of citation).


Some journal DTDs make a distinction between different types of references, for example, using different names and distinct content models for book references, journal references, patent references, etc. This attribute was designed to preserve the information about the type of reference, for those tagged references that explicitly describe their type.

Conversion Note: If the type of reference (<citation> or <nlm-citation>) is not named in the source file, it need not be identified using this attribute.

Attribute Values

In Elements

<citation> Citation
<nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model
Value Meaning
book Book or book series.
commun Informal or personal communication, such as a phone call or an email message.
confproc Conference proceedings.
discussion Discussion among a group in some forum — public, private, or electronic — which may or may not be moderated.
gov Government publication or government standard.
journal Journal article.
list Listserv or discussion group.
patent Patent or patent application.
thesis Work written as part of the completion of an advanced degree.
web Website.
other None of the listed types.
Restriction: This attribute may be specified if the element is used.