Front Matter


The metadata for an article, such as the name and issue of the journal in which the article appears and the author(s) of the article


In some journal DTDs, this information is called the “header information” or “journal header”. Such a header usually includes the metadata concerning the journal itself (in this Suite tagged as <journal-meta>) as well as metadata concerning the issue of the journal and the individual article (which in this Suite are both found in the element <article-meta>).

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into four (more typically, three) parts:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information);
  2. the <body> (textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any <back> (ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix); and
  4. either a series of <response> elements (A response is a commentary on the article itself.) or a series of <sub-article> elements (Sub-articles are smaller articles completely contained within the article.).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  front        %front-model;                                >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article> Article; <response> Response; <sub-article> Sub-Article

Tagged Example

<journal-id journal-id-type="pmc">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="pubmed">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="publisher">BR MED J</journal-id>
<abbrev-journal-title>BR MED J</abbrev-journal-title>
<publisher-name>British Medical Journal</publisher-name>
<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">10092260</article-id>
<title-group><article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names></name>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref></contrib>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Peter Parker ("Spider")</given-names></name>
<role>senior lecturer</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>b</italic></sup></xref>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital Group</p>
<aff><sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
0NA, <sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 0SF</aff>
<fn fn-type="con">
<p>Contributors: AF planned and initiated the
<fn><p>Correspondence to: Dr Forster 
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<date date-type="accepted">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical