Translated Source


Within a bibliographic reference (<citation> or <nlm-citation>), the <trans-source> element contains the title of a journal, book, conference proceedings, etc., that is the source of the cited material, but with the source name given in a different language from the source as given in the <source> element. For example, if an article is originally in French, the <source> element would contain the French title, and the <trans-source> might contain, for example, the equivalent English title.


For extensive examples of formatted <nlm-citation>s including use of <trans-source>s in <nlm-citation>s, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations. To see tagged versions of these examples, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations - XML Tagged.


xml:lang Language

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  trans-source (#PCDATA %source-elements;)*                 >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model; <product> Product Information; <related-article> Related Article Information

Tagged Example

<nlm-citation citation-type="book">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<source xml:lang="de">Immobilisierte Biokatalysstoren</source>
<trans-source xml:lang="en">Immobilized biocatalysts</trans-source>