Qualifiers that follow a person’s name, for example, “Sr.”, “Jr.”, “III”, “3rd”, etc.


The <suffix> element should be used for parts of people’s names, not for degrees, such as Ph.D. or DDS. The academic degrees are part of the information that is known about a contributor, not part of the name of the contributor, and should take the <degrees> element. Degree and certification information may be placed directly following the person’s name within the contributor information:

<contributor ...>

Or the <degrees> may be included later within the contributor element, interspersed with other types of contributor information such as <address>, <aff>, <bio>, and <email>.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  suffix       (#PCDATA %suffix-elements;)*                 >


Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:

<name> Name of Person; <speaker> Speaker

Tagged Example