One of the historical dates that may be preserved for an article, such as when it was received or when it was accepted. This element acts (as does the related element <pub-date>) as a wrapper element for date elements, such as <day>, <month>, and <year>, which are typically given numeric values, as well as for <season>, which is just a text string.


date-type Type of Date

Related Elements

The tag set includes several date elements. For the date of publication of the article (metadata), use the element Publication Date <pub-date>. For the copyright date of an article (metadata), use <copyright-year>. The <date> element is to be used for historical dates concerning the article such as the date received or the date accepted (also metadata). For the publication date of a cited work in bibliographic references (<citation> and <nlm-citation>), use the individual elements <month>, <day> and <year>. If no month or month/day construction is given within a <citation> or <nlm-citation>, and the only date is a season or a textual form of the date, such as “Third Quarter”, use the <season> element inside the <citation> or <nlm-citation>.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  date         %date-model;                                 >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<history> History: Document History

Tagged Example

<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<aff id="StLukes">...</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<date date-type="accepted">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British 
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of
day hospital attendance in prolonging independent living for elderly