The surname of a person


If there is only one name, for example, “Cher” or “Pele”, it is considered to be a surname for consistency purposes.

Conversion Note: The <name> is one of the few in this tag set to require a specific element sequence. The idea was that names would be converted to this sequence during import conversion. If the name parts are unknown or untagged, put the whole name within the Surname element (<surname>), for example, <surname>Prince Charles</surname>. The tag abuse of overloading the <surname> tag is likely to lead to better searching in a repository than merely leaving the person’s name untagged.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  surname      (#PCDATA %surname-elements;)*                >


Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:

<name> Name of Person; <speaker> Speaker

Tagged Example

<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="StLukes"/>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="RoyalInf"/>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital 
<aff id="StLukes">
<sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
<aff id="RoyalInf">
<sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow 
G4 0SF</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">...</pub-date>