Copyright Year

The year of a copyright of the article


Since the <copyright-statement> element is intended for display, this element’s contents may not be displayed (but will be available for searching). The <copyright-year> element need not be used, if having the year as part of the Copyright Statement (see <copyright-statement>) is sufficient.

This element (<copyright-year>) has been significantly remodeled in version 3.0 of the Tag Set. The values and/or usage in version 3.0 are not backward-compatible with that in previous versions of the Tag Set. Specifically, in prior versions the <copyright-year> element was allowed outside the <permissions> container element (although this was not best practice).


content-type Type of Content

Related Elements

There are three copyright elements which may be contained in the <permissions> grouping element:

This Tag Set includes several date elements. For the date of publication of a book (metadata) use the element Publication Date<pub-date>. For the copyright date of a book (metadata) use the copyright year element <copyright-year>. The <date> element is be used for dates concerning a book or book component (e.g., a chapter) publication history such as the date last updated (also metadata). For the publication date of a cited work in a bibliographic reference <mixed-citation>, use the individual elements <month>, <day>, and <year> (see Dates in Citations). If no month or month/day construction is given within a <mixed-citation>, and the only date is a season or a textual form of the date, such as “Third Quarter”, use the <season> element inside the <mixed-citation> element.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  copyright-year    
                        (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:



<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<aff id="StLukes">...</aff>
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<date date-type="accepted">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British 
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of
day hospital attendance in prolonging independent living for elderly