Used to mark text that should remain in roman script no matter what style the surrounding text takes on.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  roman        (#PCDATA %emphasized-text;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | bold | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<addr-line>, <aff>, <alt-title>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <chapter-title>, <chem-struct>, <collab>, <comment>, <conf-theme>, <copyright-statement>, <corresp>, <def-head>, <disp-formula>, <element-citation>, <ext-link>, <funding-source>, <funding-statement>, <gov>, <inline-formula>, <inline-supplementary-material>, <italic>, <kwd>, <label>, <license-p>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <on-behalf-of>, <overline>, <p>, <part-title>, <preformat>, <price>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <role>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <series>, <series-text>, <series-title>, <sig>, <sig-block>, <source>, <std>, <strike>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subject>, <subtitle>, <sup>, <supplement>, <target>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <textual-form>, <th>, <title>, <trans-source>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <verse-line>, <xref>

Example 1

<title>Seasonal Variations of <roman>CO</roman>, <roman>N<sub>2</sub>O</roman>,
and <roman>CO<sub>2</sub></roman></title>
<p>Recent evidence supports the premise that concentrations of major greenhouse
gases vary ...</p>

Example 2


<p>... members of each group were asked to respond to several
statements involving their emotional well-being and denoting
anxiety and/or depression.  Responses were limited to a 5-point
scale (1 = <italic>completely disagree <roman>to 5 =</roman>
completely agree</italic>) and were used subsequently to analyze
the efficacy of the trial medication in comparison with sertaline
and placebos.</p>