Abbreviation or Acronym

An abbreviation or acronym used in the text of a document, possibly including an expansion of the acronym


The linking attributes (with the standard XLink attributes) may be used to provide a live link to an expansion, definition, or additional explanation.

Conversion Note: Abbreviations, while common in STM books, are rarely tagged in the STM journal world, and will not be present in many journal tag sets. Thus, converted material cannot rely on acronyms and abbreviations being recognized unless special processing is added to recognize them. This element is expected to be quite rarely used.

This element was added explicitly to meet “Checkpoint 4.3 Annotate complex, abbreviated, or unfamiliar information with summaries and definitions” from the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 working draft (22 August 2002).


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration

Related Elements

The <def> may be used within an <abbrev> to contain, for example, the expansion of the acronym.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  abbrev       (#PCDATA %abbrev-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | def)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<addr-line>, <alt-title>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <collab>, <comment>, <conf-theme>, <def-head>, <element-citation>, <funding-source>, <italic>, <license-p>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <overline>, <p>, <preformat>, <product>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <strike>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subtitle>, <sup>, <supplement>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <th>, <title>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <verse-line>


<article-title>The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand 
(<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) outcome questionnaire: longitudinal 
construct validity and measuring self-rated health change after 
<copyright-statement>&copy;2003 Gummesson et al; licensee BioMed Central 
<license license-type="open-access">
<license-p>This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying ...</license-p>
<p><bold>Background:</bold> The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and 
hand (<abbrev>DASH</abbrev>) questionnaire is a self-administered 
region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated 
upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The <abbrev>DASH</abbrev> 
consists mainly of a 30-item disability/symptom scale, scored 0 (no 
disability) to 100. The main purpose of this study was to assess 
the <italic>longitudinal construct validity</italic> of the 
<abbrev>DASH</abbrev> among patients undergoing surgery. The second 
phase purpose was to quantify self-rated <italic>treatment 
effectiveness</italic> after surgery.</p>