The full title of a journal article or other journal component such as a book review
The <article-title> element is used in two contexts: as a part of the metadata concerning the article itself and as part of bibliographic reference metadata inside bibliographic citations (<citation>).
The title is nearly always in the original language of publication, but a publisher or archive might choose to place all article titles in one language, such as English, and use the translated title element to hold the original title (Translated Title <trans-title>).
In the article metadata, the article subtitle and title are two different elements and should be tagged separately, using both the <article-title> and <subtitle> elements. Within a bibliographic reference citation, the subtitle cannot be preserved separately. Some DTDs place it within the title; some leave it as untagged text, numbers, or special characters within the text of the <citation>. Although this DTD Suite cannot enforce either form, retrieval performance will be enhanced if the subtitle is placed into the <article-title> element in cited material.
<!ELEMENT article-title (#PCDATA %title-elements;)* >
Any combination of:
In article metadata:
<article> <front> <journal-meta>...</journal-meta> <article-meta> <article-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-10092260</article-id> <article-categories>...</article-categories> <title-group> <article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly people</article-title> </title-group> <contrib-group>...</contrib-group> <aff>...</aff> <pub-date pub-type="pub"><day>27</day> <month>03</month><year>1999</year> </pub-date> ... </article-meta> </front> ... </article>
In a bibliographic reference list:
... <back> ... <ref-list> ... <ref id="B8"><label>8</label> <citation> <name><surname>Weissert</surname> <given-names>W</given-names></name> ... <article-title>Effects and costs of day-care services for the chronically ill: a randomized experiment.</article-title> <source>Medical Care</source> <volume>18</volume> <year>1980</year> <fpage>567</fpage> <lpage>584</lpage>. <pub-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-6772889</pub-id> </citation> </ref> ... </ref-list> ... </back> ...