The NLM Journal Publishing Tag Set is now being maintained as part of the NISO JATS project. Please see https://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/ for the most current information.


The Journal Publishing Tag Set defines elements and attributes that describe the content and metadata of journal articles, including research and non-research articles, letters, editorials, and book and product reviews. The Tag Set allows for descriptions of the full article content or just the article header metadata.

Publishing is a moderately prescriptive Tag Set, optimized for the archives who wish to regularize and control their content, not to accept the sequence and arrangement presented to them by any particular publisher. The Tag Set is also intended for use by publishers for the initial XML tagging of journal material, usually as converted from an authoring form like Microsoft Word.

Because Publishing is optimized for regularizing an archive or establishing a sequence of elements to aid print and web production, the Tag Set is smaller than the Archiving Tag Set. There are fewer elements, fewer choices in many contexts, and particular element sequence is imposed more often.

The philosophy of this Publishing Tag Set is to prefer a single structural form whenever possible. The Publishing Tag Set is optimized for regularizing an archive or establishing a sequence of elements to aid print and web production. Elements and tagging choices are limited to produce consistent data structures to enable output products and to provide a single location of information for searching.


The complete documentation for each version of this Tag Set is available in the Tag Library. The structure and suggested usage of the Tag Library is described in the How to Use (Read Me First) section. Please see the individual version's page for access to the appropriate Tag Library.

Frequently Asked Questions

A Frequently Asked Questions page is available.

Getting the Files

All of the Tag Set files are available by anonymous FTP: //ftp.ncbi.nih.gov/pub/archive_dtd/publishing/.

Each schema is also available through the web at stable URIs which are listed on the individual version's page.


Please see the JATS Publishing Tag Set page for the current Tag Set version information.

The previous Tag Set versions are still available:


Please submit all questions or comments to the JATS-List, hosted by Mulberry Technologies.

Related Tag Sets

The Archiving Tag Set, created from the Tag Suite, is less prescriptive than the Publishing Tag Set. It enables archives to capture but structural and semantic components and does not enforce any particular sequence or textual format.

The Article Authoring Tag Set, also created from the Tag Suite, is optimized for authoring original journal articles. It is the most limited Tag Set derived from the Suite that is offered by NLM.

The NCBI Book Tag Set was designed to accommodate tagging for books as part of the NCBI Bookshelf project.

Individuals wanting to submit citations and abstracts for inclusion in PubMed/MEDLINE should use the PubMed Journal Article DTD. See the Information for Publishers re: XML Tagged Data on the PubMed web site.


All of the tools described in this section are available at https://dtd.nlm.nih.gov/tools/.

XML Information

Links to general information on XML, XSLT, Unicode™, and XLink are available on the XML Resources page.

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Last updated: September 17, 2012