Preformatted Text


Used for preformatted text, such as computer code, in which whitespace (such as tabs, line feeds, and spaces) should be preserved

This element’s content typically is displayed or printed in a monofont to preserve character alignment.


Authoring and Conversion Note: The position attribute may be used to indicate whether this element must be anchored at its exact location within the text, or whether it may float, for example, to the top of the next page, next column, to the end of a logical file, or within a separate window. For the typical <preformat> element, the “float or anchor” decision will be governed by the size of the object. For example, short code fragments are typically anchored while full programs are typically placed elsewhere, such as in a separate window or at the end of the article.


alternate-form-of Alternate Form of Graphic, Media Object, Etc.
id Identifier
position Position
preformat-type Type of Preformatted Text
xml:lang Language
xml:space Space

Related Elements

Authoring and Conversion Note: Poetry may be tagged with <preformat> if spacing is critical, but usually poetry should be tagged with the Verse Form for Poetry <verse-group> element, which may not preserve the exact indentation, but is likely to be displayed in a proportional font.

Model Description

Any combination of:

Tagged Example

<p>Trees, of course, are hardly a random choice for our 
methodology.... Hierarchical trees have been understood as a 
way of viewing document structures since the earliest days of 
SGML development. Our initial tree structure was very simple:
&lt;!ELEMENT  implications  (tree+) &gt;
&lt;!ELEMENT  tree          (root, branches) &gt;
&lt;!ELEMENT  root          (term, synonym?) &gt;
&lt;!ELEMENT  branches      (term | (term, synonym) | tree)* &gt;
Terms are the literal strings for which the Ferret engine searches; they 
are the most specific expressions to be found in real documents of the 
concepts on which classifications rules act.</p>...