A journal article; the top-level element (document element) of the Archiving DTD, which contains all the metadata and content for the article


This element can be used to describe not only typical journal articles (research articles) but also much of the non-article content within a journal, such as book and product reviews, letters to the editor, commentaries, and news summaries.

A journal article <article> may be divided into four (more typically, three) parts:

  1. the Front Matter (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the Body of the Article (textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any Back Matter (ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix); and
  4. either a series of Response elements (A response is a commentary on the article itself.) or a series of Sub-article elements (Sub-articles are smaller articles completely contained within the article.).


article-type Type of Article
dtd-version Version of the DTD
xml:lang Language
xmlns:mml MathML Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  article      %article-full-model;                         >


The following, in order:

This top-level element may not be contained in any other elements.

Tagged Example

<journal-id journal-id-type="pmc">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="pubmed">BMJ</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="publisher">BR MED J</journal-id>
<abbrev-journal-title>BR MED J</abbrev-journal-title>
<publisher-name>British Medical Journal</publisher-name>
<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">10092260</article-id>
<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names></name>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref></contrib>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>John G.</given-names></name>
<role>consultant physician</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>a</italic></sup></xref>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Peter Parker ("Spider")</given-names></name>
<role>senior lecturer</role>
<xref ref-type="aff"><sup><italic>b</italic></sup></xref>
<author-comment><p>on behalf of the Day Hospital Group</p>
<aff><sup><italic>a</italic></sup>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 
0NA, <sup><italic>b</italic></sup>Academic Section
of Geriatric Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 0SF</aff>
<fn fn-type="con">
<p>Contributors: AF planned and initiated the
<fn><p>Correspondence to: Dr Forster 
<pub-date pub-type="pub">
<date date-type="accepted">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical