Back Matter


Ancillary or supporting material that is not included as part of the main textual content of a journal article, but that follows the body of material that comprises the article; Back Matter might include, for example, appendices, glossaries, and bibliographic reference lists.


Conversion Note: The <sec> element can be used within the Back Matter <back> to tag material that has not been explicitly named as one of the other back matter components, that is, it is not named as an appendix, an acknowledgment, a glossary, etc. For example, tables are frequently placed in the back matter, with no other designation than a label such as “Table 6”, or a title such as “Epochs of Geologic Time”.

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into four (more typically, three) parts:

  1. the Front Matter (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the Body of the Article (textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any Back Matter (ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix); and
  4. either a series of Response elements (A response is a commentary on the article itself.) or a series of Sub-article elements (Sub-articles are smaller articles completely contained within the article.).

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  back         %back-model;                                 >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article> Article; <response> Response; <sub-article> Sub-article

Tagged Example

<p>We thank B. Beltchev for purification of Hfq, S. Cusack and A. J.
Carpousis for the gift of PAP I, A. Ishihama for Hfq antibodies used in Hfq
purification, M. E. Winkler for strains TX2808 and TX2758, I. Boni for reminding
us that Hfq binds poly(A), M. Springer for suggesting that Hfq might
relate PAPs to primitive telomerase, Ph. Derreumeaux for help in sequence
comparisons, M. Grunberg-Manago, C. Condon and R. Buckingham for reading the
manuscript, and H. Weber for advice. We also acknowledge Minist&#x00E8;re de
l'Education Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie, Centre National de
la Recherche Scientifique, and Paris7 University for