The surname of a person
If there is only one name, for example, “Cher” or “Pele”, it is considered to be a surname for consistency purposes.
If the name parts are unknown or untagged, put the whole name within the Surname element (<surname>), for example, <surname>Prince Charles</surname>. The tag abuse of overloading the <surname> tag is likely to lead to better searching in a repository than merely leaving the person’s name untagged.
<!ELEMENT surname (#PCDATA %surname-elements;)* >
Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more
... <article-meta> <title-group> <article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care for elderly people</article-title> </title-group> <contrib-group> <contrib contrib-type="author"> <name><surname>Forster</surname> <given-names>Anne Williams</given-names> </name> <role>research physiotherapist</role> <aff id="StLukes">Department of Health Care for the Elderly, St Luke’s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff> </contrib> ... </contrib-group> <permissions> <copyright-statement>Copyright © 1999, British Medical Journal</copyright-statement> <copyright-year>1999</copyright-year> <copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder> </permissions> <abstract> <p>To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance in prolonging independent living for elderly people.</p> </abstract> </article-meta> ...