Translated Title


Within a bibliographic reference (<citation> or <nlm-citation>), the <trans-title> element contains the title of a cited article, but with the article title given in a different language from that given in the <article-title> element. For example, if an article is originally in French, the <article-title> element would contain the French title, and the <trans-title> might contain, for example, the equivalent English title.


In bibliographic references, translated subtitles should be wrapped into the translated titles.

Cited, translated book titles are tagged with the <trans-source> element.

For extensive examples of formatted <nlm-citation>s including use of <trans-title>s in <nlm-citation>s, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations. To see tagged versions of these examples, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations - XML Tagged.


xml:lang Language

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  trans-title  (#PCDATA %title-elements;)*                  >


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model; <product> Product Information; <related-article> Related Article Information

Tagged Example

In a NLM-style bibliographic citation:

<nlm-citation citation-type="journal">
<article-title xml:lang="fr">Localisations palmaires purpurioques de la 
dermatitie herpetiforme</article-title>
<trans-title>Purpuric palmar sites of dermatitis herpetiformis</trans-title>
<source>Ann Dermatol Vernerol</source>