Conference Date


The date(s) on which the conference was held


Conference dates in journal headers are traditionally stored in one of two forms: as a single date (“December 2001”), or as the first day and last day of the conference. Either form can be stored in this element as shown below:

<conf-date>December 2001</conf-date>


<conf-date>August 4, 2002 - August 9, 2002</conf-date>

The element <conf-date> may be used in bibliographic references (<citation> and <nlm-citation>). For extensive examples of formatted <nlm-citation>s including use of <conf-date>s in <nlm-citation>s, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations. To see tagged versions of these examples, see: Sample PubMed Central Citations - XML Tagged.

Related Elements

The container element <conference> holds all of the elements that may be used to describe a conference, when an article was originally presented at a conference. Those elements include: <conf-date>, <conf-name>, <conf-acronym>, <conf-num>, <conf-loc>, <conf-sponsor>, and <conf-theme>.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  conf-date    (#PCDATA %conf-date-elements;)*              >


Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:

<citation> Citation; <conference> Conference Information; <nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model; <product> Product Information; <related-article> Related Article Information

Tagged Example

<conf-name>The 27th annual ACM SI/GUCCS 
<conf-loc>Denver, Colorado, United States</conf-loc>
<conf-sponsor>ACM, Assoc. for Computing 
<conf-theme>User services conference for 
university and college computing service