Title Group

Container element to hold an article’s various titles


A footnote or other reference inside a title should be placed within the title tag.

Related Elements

There are two elements concerned with the title of an article, both contained within the container element <title-group> in the article metadata. The <article-title> is the full title of the article. The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to the full title or modifies the full title.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  title-group  %title-group-model;                          >

Expanded Content Model

(article-title, subtitle?)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:



<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital 
care for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<given-names>Anne Williams</given-names>
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care
for the Elderly, St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5