Used within citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), to name the publication date of the cited source. This element acts as a container element for date elements, such as <day>, <month>, and <year>, which are typically given numeric values, as well as for <season>, which is just a text string.


For a detailed discussion on the use of <date>, see Dates in Citations.


date-type Type of Date

Related Elements

Within citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), the elements <year>, <day>, <month>, and <season> may also be used to describe the date a cited resource was published. Other dates inside a citation, such as a copyright date, the date on which the author accessed the resource, or a withdrawal date, are rarely tagged, but may be recorded using the <date-in-citation> element with the @content-type attribute used to name the type of date (copyright, access-date, time-stamp, etc.).

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  date         %date-model;                                 >

Expanded Content Model

(((day?, month?) | season)?, year)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>


No sample is available at this time.