Caption of a Figure, Table, Etc.


Wrapper element for the textual description that is associated with a <fig>, <table>, etc. This is the title for the figure or the description of the figure that prints or displays with the figure.

In print or on display, a caption is usually recognizable because it is not part of the ordinary text flow; it sits just under, above, beside, or in the same small window or page area as the tabular portions of the table or the graphical portions of the figure.


The <caption> element in this DTD Suite contains the entire, visible textual description of a table, figure, or similar object, but does not typically include the figure or table number, since this will be generated. If needed in the text, such numbers will be the content of the <label> element. The text of the caption does include any separately tagged <title> that might be present and as many paragraphs of information as needed. It may include legends, which are not identified as a separate element in this DTD Suite.

Conversion Note: Many publishers make a distinction between the caption of a figure/table/etc. and its title. There may be two separate tags (<caption> and <title>), or the first sentence of the caption may be set off typographically from the rest of the caption to indicate that it is a title; for example, the first sentence may be italic or bold. In either case, if it is obvious that the figure/table/etc. contains both a title and a caption, both the title and the caption should be tagged during conversion, and the title should be moved inside the caption if it is outside.


alternate-form-of Alternate Form of Graphic, Media Object, Etc.
content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
xml:lang Language

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  caption      %caption-model;                              >


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<chem-struct-wrapper> Chemical Structure Wrapper; <fig> Figure; <fig-group> Figure Group; <graphic> Graphic; <media> Media Object; <supplementary-material> Supplementary Material; <table-wrap> Table Wrapper; <table-wrap-group> Table Wrapper Group

Tagged Example

<sec id="bid.36">
<title>Microbial Genomes</title>
<p>... A CON entry, containing instructions on how to 
put the pieces back together, is also made. The CON entry 
contains descriptor information, such as source organism 
and references, as well as a join statement providing 
explicit instructions on how to generate the complete 
genome from the pieces. The Accession number assigned to 
the CON record is also added as a secondary Accession 
number on each of the pieces that make up the complete 
genome (see <xref ref-type="fig" rid="bid.37">Figure 2</xref>).
<fig id="bid.37">
<caption><title>A GenBank CON entry for a complete 
bacterial genome.</title>
<p>The information toward the <italic>bottom</italic> of 
the record describes how to generate the complete genome 
from the pieces.</p>
<graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" 
xlink:href="ch1f2" mime-subtype="gif"/>