Last Page


The page number on which a document ends, for print documents that have page numbers


The <lpage> element is used in two contexts:

  1. As a part of the metadata concerning a book component such as a chapter; and
  2. As part of bibliographic references (<citation> or <nlm-citation>).

Electronic-only documents traditionally do not have page numbers and use the <elocation-id> element instead of using the <fpage> or <lpage> elements.


content-type Type of Content

Related Elements

A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:

Note: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the article began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.

Model Information

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  lpage        (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<book-part-meta> Book Part Metadata; <citation> Citation; <nlm-citation> NLM Citation Model; <related-article> Related Article Information; <related-object> Related Object Information

Tagged Examples

Example 1

In a bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="bid.41">
<article-title>A common language for physical mapping 
of the human genome</article-title>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">2781285</pub-id>

Example 2

In a bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<ref id="B8"><label>8</label>
</name>. <article-title>Effects and costs of 
day-care services for the chronically ill: a randomized 
experiment</article-title>. <source>Medical Care</source>
<year>1980</year>; <volume>18</volume>:
<pub-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">WES-6772889</pub-id>.