Name of a institution or organization, such as a university or corporation, that is the affiliation for a contributor such as an author or an editor
All levels of a multi-tier organization are listed within a single <aff> element, for example, a program, a department, and a university may be part of the same <aff>. Similarly, both a division and a corporation would be inside one <aff>.
Conversion Note: In a typical case, the @id attribute of an contributor’s affiliation (<aff>), correspondence information (<corresp>), or any footnote in the author note group will be pointed to from one or more <contrib> elements, thereby linking the two.
However, in those instances in which a symbol or some other mechanism denotes a relationship between a contributor and his/her affiliation, correspondence information, etc., use <xref> to point to the affiliation (<aff>), the corresponding information (<corresp>), or footnote in the author note group.
Conversion Note: Even if the explicitly tagged numbers or symbols for author linkages are preserved in conversion, the ID/IDREF linking mechanism should be maintained or created during conversion.
Conversion Note: If an archive wishes to record divisional distinctions made by a publisher, such as an “<institution>” element with “<dept>” and “<office>” sub-elements for the affiliation, the embedded divisions could be converted to this Tag Set using <named-content> elements:
<aff> <institution content-type="edu"> University of Frostbite Falls <named-content content-type="dept">Dept of Campus Security </named-content> <named-content content-type="dept">Dept of Moose and Squirrel Security</named-content> <named-content content-type="office">Office of the Acting Dean </named-content> </institution> </aff>
<!ELEMENT aff (#PCDATA %aff-elements;)* >
(#PCDATA | addr-line | country | fax | institution | phone | email | ext-link | multi-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | break | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | label | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*
Any combination of:
In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):
... <ref> <element-citation publication-type="journal" publication-format="print"> <person-group> <name><surname>Pinet</surname> <given-names>LM</given-names></name> <aff>Departamento de Servicios de Salud de Emergencia, Escuela de Posgrado, Universidad de Maryland, Condado de Baltimore, USA. <email>firstname.lastname@example.org</email> </aff> </person-group> <trans-title xml:lang="en">Prehospital emergency care in Mexico City: the opportunities of the healthcare system</trans-title> <source>Salud Publica Mex</source> <year>2005</year> <month>Jan-Feb</month> <volume>47</volume> <issue>1</issue> <fpage>64</fpage> <lpage>71</lpage> <comment>Spanish</comment> </element-citation> </ref> ...
In a contributor group in article metadata
... <book-meta> <book-id pub-id-type="other">handbook</book-id> <book-title-group> <book-title>The NCBI Handbook</book-title> </book-title-group> <edition>1<sup>st</sup></edition> <contrib-group>...</contrib-group> <aff id="bid.m.1"> <institution>National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health</institution>, <addr-line>Bethesda, MD 20892-6510</addr-line> </aff> <publisher>...</publisher> <pub-date><month>11</month><year>2002</year></pub-date> <counts>...</counts> </book-meta> ...